The Golden Ratio in nature and
architecture (by Eric Sun)

Examples of
the golden ratio in architecture

1: Toronto’s CN Tower

The CN Tower in Toronto is the tallest,
freestanding structure in the world and contains the golden ratio in its
design. The ratio of the observation desk at 343 metres to the total height of
533.33 is 0.618 or phi.















2: The UN Building

The current headquarters for the United
Nations was constructed on an 18 acre piece of land in the east side on
Manhattan. The lead architect was not known for using the golden ratio in his
designs, however, a French architect on the team was known frequently to use
the golden ratio in his designs. When constructing the United Nations
headquarters, the team decided to use the ratio in a few different ways.







3: The Notre Dame

Phi and the use of the golden ratio are found in the design
of Notre Dame in Paris, France. The west façade of the church was completed
around the year 1200, and it is here where the presence of the use of the
golden ratios is visible.











of the golden ratio in nature

Spiral Galaxies

Galaxies also follow the Fibonnaci Pattern. The Milky Way has several spiral arms, each of them a
logarithmic spiral of about 12 degrees.













2: Pinecones

Similarly, the
seed pods on a pinecone are arranged in a spiral pattern. Each
cone consists of a pair of spirals, each one spiralling upwards in opposing direction



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