The Golden Ratio in nature and

architecture (by Eric Sun)

Examples of

the golden ratio in architecture

1: Toronto’s CN Tower

The CN Tower in Toronto is the tallest,

freestanding structure in the world and contains the golden ratio in its

design. The ratio of the observation desk at 343 metres to the total height of

533.33 is 0.618 or phi.

2: The UN Building

The current headquarters for the United

Nations was constructed on an 18 acre piece of land in the east side on

Manhattan. The lead architect was not known for using the golden ratio in his

designs, however, a French architect on the team was known frequently to use

the golden ratio in his designs. When constructing the United Nations

headquarters, the team decided to use the ratio in a few different ways.

3: The Notre Dame

Phi and the use of the golden ratio are found in the design

of Notre Dame in Paris, France. The west façade of the church was completed

around the year 1200, and it is here where the presence of the use of the

golden ratios is visible.

Examples

of the golden ratio in nature

1:

Spiral Galaxies

Spiral

Galaxies also follow the Fibonnaci Pattern. The Milky Way has several spiral arms, each of them a

logarithmic spiral of about 12 degrees.

2: Pinecones

Similarly, the

seed pods on a pinecone are arranged in a spiral pattern. Each

cone consists of a pair of spirals, each one spiralling upwards in opposing direction

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